The Budludzha Monument Project


Pedestrian perspective


The result of an effort from a professor at the TUM (Technische Universität München) to restore the Budludzha Monument in Bulgaria, located in a remote location on a mountain top in that country, we discovered that it originally was the result of a 1959 design competition won by the young Bulgarian architect, Georgi Stoilov.


“On 29th of January 1959 the government decided to launch a contest to design four monuments – one to each of the histrorical events that happened there (Hadzhi Dimitar’s fight, the Founding of the party and the Partizans’s fight) and additinally to create a memorial on Buzludzha Peak. The Buzludzha Monument was intended to be larger and more impressive than any other. The main requirement centred around the idea of a red star, to be placed right up on the mountain peak. The competition bid was won by Georgi Stoilov, by that time a young but already recognized Bulgarian architect whose previous work included the design of a new hotel in Sofia and several tourist resorts at the Black Sea coast”*


Construction began in 1974 under the direction of architect Georgi Stoilov, also a former mayor of Sofia and co-founder of the Union of Architects in Bulgaria. After the fall of the Communist regimes in eastern Europe, the monument was no longer maintained and has fallen into disrepair. It is a common example of Communist era brutalist architecture in the Eastern Block after World War II.


In the meantime it has been declared one of seven threatened monuments in Europe by UNESCO.


Interior perspective