For Architects, Landscape Architects, and Planners
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What people are saying about the COMPETITIONS Annual:
It is a very impressive piece of work, and should prove a great resource.
–Paul Spreiregen, Vietnam Veterans Memorial Professional Adviser
The Competitions annual is so beautiful and useful that it has already been messed up by scholars and assistants...in the department.
-Jean-Pierre Chupin, Research Chair on Competitions and Contemporary Practices in Architecture; Co-director of the Laboratoire d’Étude de l’Architecture Potentielle, Université de Montréal
Reinventing the Rustbelt
UD4U Urban Design Competition
by Stanley Collyer
As a mid-sized rustbelt city in the Midwest, Kenosha, Wisconsin was especially hard hit by auto plant closings. First it was the American Motors plant in 1988. Then, to compound matters, the Chrysler Engine plant closed in 2010. Such closings not only resulted in the loss of high-paying jobs, but left a desolate void in the urban fabric. Some of these vacant spaces have recently become the object of design competitions, staged with the intention of generating ideas to reinvigorate abandoned areas. One of these was the Redesigning Detroit competition, focused on the previous site of Hudson’s Department Store in the city’s central business district (2013 COMPETITIONS Annual).
The Biennial Lakefront Kiosk Competition
by Stanley Collyer
Ki-osk: 1. in Turkey and Persia an open pavilion; 2. a building of similar construction such as a newsstand, etc.
What is a Biennial with architecture as the central theme without a competition?
The Chicago Biennial not only has invited a number of high profile architects from around the world to participate in various events stretching over several months, but looked for a suitable theme and site to showcase what modern architecture is all about. They settled on a Kiosk Competition on the city’s lakeshore next to Millennium Park, a high traffic area in all but the winter months. There are to be four kiosks—one to be the result of the competition—and all are to be permanent structures. It is no surprise that scores of kiosks are already commonplace on Chicago’s lakeshore, taking advantage of the streams of summer visitors who are drawn to the shore of Lake Michigan. Overseen by the Chicago Park District, over forty kiosks punctuate the shoreline, which during the summer offer food, retail, and recreational services—ranging from beverages to clothing to surf rentals.
Designing for the Workplace
UNO/WHO Headquarters Extension Competition
by Stanley Collyer
For all its perceived shortcomings, the United Nations Organization (UNO) can make a good case for its approach to the design of its facilities located in Geneva, Switzerland. Leading up to the most recent competition for the Headquarters Extension of the WHO offices, it staged three successful competitions:
• For the 1966 World Health Organization (WHO) Headquarters building, won by Swiss architect, Jean Tschumi;
• For the 2000 World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) building, won by the German firm, Behnisch Architekten;
• For the 2006 WHO/UNAIDS building, won by the Austrian firm, Baumschlager & Eberle
As the principal anchor of the WHO headquarters complex, the 1966 building, now over a half century old, has not only seen the deterioration of its basic mechanical systems and programmatic changes, but has not kept pace with the needs generated by the world’s health crisis. This necessitated the on-site construction of seven temporary or precast structures, none of which were the result of any architectural guidelines or urban planning and did not conform to present code standards.
The Guggenheim Helsinki Winners on Stage in New York
By Jayne Merkel
The soothing circular auditorium beneath the rotunda of Frank Lloyd Wright’s New York Guggenheim Museum was an unusually suitable setting for the revelation of the winning design for the proposed Helsinki Guggenheim and a discussion of the process that led to its selection. On July 1, the winners of the competition, Hiroko Kusunoki and Nicolas Moreau, of Moreau Kusunoki Architectes in Paris, took turns describing their scheme as they showed an impressive series of drawings and models. After their presentation, they joined a discussion, moderated by Architectural Record Editor Cathleen McGuigan, with Guggenheim staff members Ari Wiseman and Troy Conrad Therrien. Wiseman, a Deputy Director of the Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, has shepherded the competition from the conception stage in 2013. Therrien, the Curator of Architecture and Digital Initiatives, has created the state-of-the-art digital archive that has brought this competition and its entries into the public domain.
By Paul D. Spreiregen
Creating the Vietnam Veterans Memorial, the Inside Story
By Robert W. Doubek
McFarland; 311 pages, illustrated
Photos: Paul Spreiregen
On any given day visitors to the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington may number in the hundreds, sometimes the thousands. Immediately upon its dedication in November 1982 it became and has remained one of the most visited sites in our nation’s capitol. Extending tranquilly across a tree bordered meadow near the Lincoln Memorial, its power as a work of tribute stands among the great memorials of any time or place. It is an American icon.
Visitors to the memorial may know that a college student designed it in a nation-wide design competition and that the selected design was the subject of great controversy. Little else about its creation is known or need be known by a typical visitor. The memorial speaks for itself, honoring the nearly 58,000 Vietnam veterans who died in the war and by implication the millions of others who served. As a work of public art it honors memory and service admirably.
- Mesa City Center Design Competition
- Return of a Favorite Son to the Windy City? - CAC’s Barack Obama Library Competition
- A Conversation with an Icon: Steven Holl Wins the Mumbai City Museum Competition
- Interview: Bernard Tschumi On Competitions
- The Earth as an Affordable Housing Alternative: Ghana’s Mud House Design Competition